Panarctic Flora


570112a Viola biflora subsp. biflora


Northern Fennoscandia: Frequent
Kanin - Pechora: Frequent
Polar Ural - Novaya Zemlya: Frequent
Yamal - Gydan: Scattered
Taimyr - Severnaya Zemlya: Scattered
Anabar - Onenyo: Scattered
Kharaulakh: Frequent
East Chukotka: Scattered
Western Alaska: Frequent
Southern Arcti Tundra: Frequent
Shrub Tundra: Frequent
Bordering boreal or alpine areas: Frequent

2n= 12 (2x). - Europe (N, C), Russia (N), Siberia (N, S). - Numerous reports.

Geography: European - Asian - amphi-Beringian: NOR RUS SIB RFE ALA.

Notes: Marcussen (2010) notes that there are some differences between the European (type) plants and the eastern Asian and northwestern North American ones.

Higher Taxa