Panarctic Flora


570110 Viola palustris subsp. palustris L.


Northern Iceland: Frequent
Northern Fennoscandia: Frequent
Kanin - Pechora: Rare
Polar Ural - Novaya Zemlya: Rare
Hudson Bay - Labrador: Rare
Western Greenland: Scattered
Eastern Greenland: Scattered
Southern Arcti Tundra: Rare
Shrub Tundra: Frequent
Bordering boreal or alpine areas: Frequent

2n= 48 (8x). - Europe, Canada (E), U.S.A. (E), Greenland. - Numerous reports.
Not included: Two reports of 2n = 48 and ca. 48 (8x) from British Columbia (Taylor and Mulligan 1968) and Alberta (Packer and Whitkus 1982) are enigmatic. Viola palustris is not otherwise suggested to be present in the western parts of North America.

Geography: North American (NE) - amphi-Atlantic - European: ICE NOR RUS CAN GRL.

Notes: There are other temperate races, e.g., subsp. juressi (Link ex K. Wein) Coutinho in western Europe north to Ireland.

Higher Taxa